Oldest Banks In Nigeria

Top 10 Oldest Banks In Nigeria


The banking industry plays a crucial role in Nigeria’s economic development, and it is interesting to explore the oldest banks that have been instrumental in shaping the country’s financial landscape. In this article, we will highlight the top 10 oldest banks in Nigeria, providing unique explanations and information about each bank’s establishment, historical significance, and contributions to the banking sector.

1. First Bank of Nigeria

Established in 1894, First Bank of Nigeria is the oldest bank in Nigeria and holds a prominent position in the country’s financial sector. It has played a pivotal role in providing banking services to individuals, businesses, and the government. With a wide network of branches and innovative financial products, First Bank of Nigeria continues to be a leader in the industry.

2. Union Bank of Nigeria

Founded in 1917, Union Bank of Nigeria has a rich history and has been a key player in Nigeria’s banking sector for over a century. The bank has evolved over the years, adapting to changing market dynamics and technological advancements. Union Bank of Nigeria has contributed significantly to Nigeria’s economic growth through its support for businesses and various community development initiatives.

3. Zenith Bank

Zenith Bank, established in 1990, quickly rose to prominence and has become one of Nigeria’s leading financial institutions. Known for its excellent customer service and innovative banking solutions, Zenith Bank has been recognized both locally and internationally for its contributions to the Nigerian banking industry. The bank’s commitment to technological advancements and financial inclusion has helped shape the modern banking landscape in Nigeria.

4. Access Bank

With its roots dating back to 1989, Access Bank has grown steadily to become one of Nigeria’s largest banks. The bank has a strong focus on corporate and retail banking, providing a wide range of financial services to individuals, businesses, and multinational corporations. Access Bank has been at the forefront of financial innovation, offering digital banking solutions and expanding its operations both within Nigeria and internationally.

5. United Bank for Africa (UBA)

Founded in 1949, United Bank for Africa (UBA) has a long-standing history of excellence in the Nigerian banking industry. UBA has expanded its operations across Africa and has become a prominent player in the continent’s financial landscape. The bank’s commitment to innovation, financial inclusion, and corporate social responsibility has earned it numerous accolades and recognition.

6. Guaranty Trust Bank (GTBank)

Established in 1988, Guaranty Trust Bank (GTBank) has emerged as one of Nigeria’s most innovative and customer-focused banks. The bank has been a pioneer in introducing digital banking solutions, revolutionizing the way banking services are accessed and delivered. GTBank’s commitment to providing exceptional customer experience and its focus on corporate social responsibility have contributed to its success and recognition.

7. First City Monument Bank (FCMB)

First City Monument Bank (FCMB), founded in 1982, has played a significant role in Nigeria’s banking industry. The bank offers a wide range of financial services to individuals, businesses, and government institutions. FCMB has consistently demonstrated its commitment to customer satisfaction, innovation, and corporate governance, positioning itself as a trusted financial partner.


8. Stanbic IBTC Bank

Stanbic IBTC Bank, established in 1989, is a member of the Standard Bank Group and has been a key player in Nigeria’s banking sector for several decades. The bank offers a comprehensive range of financial products and services, catering to the needs of individuals, businesses, and corporate clients. Stanbic IBTC Bank’s strong commitment to sustainable development and corporate social responsibility sets it apart in the industry.

9. Ecobank Nigeria

Ecobank Nigeria is part of the Ecobank Group

, a leading pan-African banking conglomerate. The bank has been operating in Nigeria since 1986 and has built a reputation for its extensive branch network and innovative banking solutions. Ecobank Nigeria’s focus on customer satisfaction, financial inclusion, and supporting small and medium-sized enterprises has contributed to its success and growth.

10. Fidelity Bank

Established in 1988, Fidelity Bank has grown steadily over the years and has become one of Nigeria’s top-tier banks. The bank offers a wide range of financial services, including retail, commercial, and corporate banking. Fidelity Bank’s commitment to customer-centricity, professionalism, and ethical practices has earned it a loyal customer base and industry recognition.


The oldest banks in Nigeria have played a significant role in shaping the country’s financial landscape. These banks have shown resilience, adaptability, and a commitment to customer satisfaction while contributing to Nigeria’s economic growth and development. As Nigeria’s banking industry continues to evolve, these banks remain important pillars of stability and innovation in the sector.

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