Full List Of All igbo Speaking States In Nigeria

Full List of Igbo Speaking States In Nigeria


The Igbo language is one of the major ethnic languages spoken in Nigeria and holds great cultural significance. Igbo-speaking states are known for their rich cultural heritage, entrepreneurial spirit, and notable contributions to various fields. In this article, we will explore the common characteristics shared by Igbo-speaking states, highlight the most populous and least populous states, and provide a comprehensive list of these states along with their notable features and contributions.

What Igbo-Speaking States Have in Common

Despite their geographical diversity, Igbo-speaking states share several common characteristics that contribute to their cultural identity. Here are some of the shared features:

1. Language

The primary unifying factor among these states is the Igbo language, which serves as a means of communication and cultural expression.

2. Entrepreneurship and Commerce

Igbo-speaking states are known for their entrepreneurial spirit and strong involvement in trade and commerce. Igbo traders can be found in various parts of the country and even across international borders.

3. Cultural Heritage

Igbo-speaking states have a rich cultural heritage, characterized by vibrant festivals, masquerades, traditional ceremonies, and art forms like the famous Igbo Ukwu bronze artifacts.

4. Educational Attainment

Education holds great importance in Igbo culture, and Igbo-speaking states are known for their high literacy rates and emphasis on academic achievement.

The Most Populated and Least Populated Igbo-Speaking States

Among the Igbo-speaking states, one stands out as the most populous, while another is considered the least populated:

Most Populated Igbo-Speaking State: Imo State

Imo State, located in the southeastern part of Nigeria, is the most populous Igbo-speaking state. Its population is estimated to be over 5 million people. The state is known for its rich cultural festivals, including the New Yam Festival and the Igba Eke festival, which showcase Igbo traditions and agricultural practices.

Least Populated Igbo-Speaking State: Ebonyi State

Ebonyi State, also situated in southeastern Nigeria, is considered the least populated Igbo-speaking state. While it has a smaller population compared to other states, Ebonyi State is known for its scenic landscapes, including the Amanchua-Adiasa Caves and the famous Salt Lake in Uburu.

List of Igbo-Speaking States and Their Notable Features

Here is a comprehensive list of Igbo-speaking states in Nigeria, along with their notable features and contributions:

  1. Abia State: Home to the famous National War Museum in Umuahia, which preserves artifacts and history related to the Nigerian Civil War.
  2. Anambra State: Known for the Ogbunike Caves, an important cultural and tourist attraction.
  3. Enugu State: Home to the coal city of Enugu, known for its historical significance in Nigeria’s coal mining industry.
  4. Ebonyi State: Notable for its agricultural production, particularly rice cultivation, and the impressive Salt Lake in Uburu.
  5. Imo State: Known for its diverse cultural festivals, including the New Yam Festival and the Mmanwu Festival.
  6. Abakaliki: Capital city of Ebonyi State, experiencing rapid urban development and growth.
  7. Delta State: While not predominantly Igbo-speaking, it has a significant Igbo population. Known for the bustling commercial city of Asaba and the oil-rich city of Warri.
  8. Rivers State: Also hosting a significant Igbo population, it is known for the bustling city of Port Harcourt, a major economic and cultural center.
  9. Akwa Ibom State: Although not predominantly Igbo-speaking, it has Igbo communities and is known for its beautiful coastal scenery and tourist attractions.
  10. Cross River State: Home to the famous Obudu Mountain Resort and the annual Calabar Carnival, one of Nigeria’s biggest street carnivals.


The Igbo-speaking states in Nigeria share a common language, cultural heritage, entrepreneurial spirit, and emphasis on education. Imo State stands as the most populous among these states, while Ebonyi State is considered the least populated. Exploring the Igbo-speaking states allows for a deeper understanding of Nigeria’s cultural diversity and the significant contributions of the Igbo people to various aspects of the country’s development and identity.

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