Solid Mineral Resources In Nigeria And Their Location

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It would be nice to know about the solid mineral resources in Nigeria and their location. This article would tell you all you need to know.

solid mineral resources

Nigeria, the African giant is a great nation filled with huge deposits of solid mineral resources.

The nation’s economy is highly dependent on these solid mineral resources. Most of these solid mineral resources are rare, not many countries have it. They are extracted, processed, and sold at a higher value.

More solid mineral resources are still being discovered, but for now, this is the comprehensive list of the ones in Nigeria and where they’re found.

Solid Mineral Resources In Nigeria

Rock Salt

Salt is the most common solid mineral resources. It is seen and used in every home in the country.

There are different types of salts such as table salt, sea salt, smoked salt, black salt, Persian blue salt, grey salt, Himalayan pink salt, red salt, etc.

In Nigeria, they are so many salt springs and a total reserve of 1.5 million tonnes available in different states.

Location

They can be found in:

Akwa Ibom, Cross River, Plateau: Awe in plateau state, Abia, Benue, Anambra, Imo, Katsina, Ebonyi, and Sokoto State.

Ebonyi: Ebonyi state has the largest deposit of salt in the nation. An example is the one in Uburu LGA. Little wonder Ebonyi state is said to be the “salt of the nation”.

Most of these salts cannot be used in their raw states rather they are processed in salt mines to a more useful form.

Uses

  • Salt is used in cooking.
  • It is used as a food preservative agent
  • Industrial companies use it in the production of paper, glass, polyester, fertilizers, rubbers, and plastics.

Clay

It is situated in every state in the country.

Gypsum

Location

Adamawa, Edo, Gombe, Ogun, and Yobe

Uses

  •  Gypsum like Alabaster and Satin spar is used in making ornaments
  • It serves as a hardening retarder and can be used in the production of cement-like the Portland cement.
  • Used in making body care products such as foot creams, shampoos, and more.
  • Used in the production of fertilizers.
  • It is used for the removal of pollutants from infected water.
  • Used to manufacture plaster of Paris and chalk

Talc

Mostly found in metamorphic rocks, talc occurs as translucent masses and can be in either white, pale, grey, or green color. It is mushy and glossy to touch.

Location

Oyo, Kaduna, Kogi, Nasarawa Ekiti, Niger, Osun and Yobe

Uses

  • Used for several possesses in various industries such as plastics, ceramics, paints, antiperspirants, papers, and roofing materials.
  • It is used for lab countertops due to its resistance to heat, electricity, and acid.
  • It’s used as a lubricant.

Coal

Coal extracted from Nigeria is said to be the most environment-friendly in Africa. This is as a result of its low sulfur and ash content, which makes it the most bituminous in the world.

Nigeria has close to 3 billion tonnes of reserves in 17 coal fields and over 600 million tonnes of proven reserves.

Location

Abia, Enugu, Adamawa, Anambra, Kano, Gombe, Imo, Ebonyi, Kogi and Ondo.

Granite

This is a light-colored igneous rock with visible mineral grains.it is composed mainly of quartz and feldspar. Granites vary in colors. They can be red, pink, grey, or white.

Location

Although, granites are in almost all the states of the federation, it’s largest quantities are found in the following states;

Cross River, Ekiti State, and the FCT.

Uses

Granites are of high demand due to its use in luxurious homes as tiles.

Bitumen

Nigeria has a large deposit of bitumen of about 42 billion tonnes.

Uses

It can be used without being processed, by road construction companies as an asphalt binder.

Location

Lagos, Edo, Ondo and Ogun

Gold

Edo, Ebonyi, Kaduna, and Oyo.

Iron ore

Benue, Anambra, Kogi State, Kwara, Enugu, Abuja, Zamfara, Delta State

Lead/zinc

Lead and Zinc ores usually occur together Lead is among the earliest discovered metals that do not occur in its pure state. It is a relatively soft, blue-gray, heavy metal that can simply be beaten into any shape.

Lead has a shiny chrome-silver luster when it is melted into a liquid, while Zinc is a crystalline, bluish-white metal that is brittle at most temperatures, but becomes malleable between 100 and 1500C.

Uses

  • Lead-Zinc is used in various industries such as construction, ammunition, television tubes, nuclear shielding, and others.
  • They are also used as a protective coating on steel.

Location

Benue, Kano, Zamfara, Plateau, Cross River, and Abuja.

Tin

Jos, Bauchi.

Bentonite

Edo, Kogi and Ondo

Barite

Benue, Taraba, Cross River, Zamfara and Nasarawa

Bitumen

Lagos, Ogun and Ondo.

Silica sand

Yobe, Delta, Jigawa, Lagos, and  Ondo.

Silver

Ebonyi and Kano

Milca

Ekiti, Kogi, Kwara, Nasarawa, Ogun, Osun and Oyo

Gold

Abuja, Kaduna, Katsina, Kebbi, Kwara, Niger, Osun and Zamfara

Marble

Abuja, Kogi, Kwara, Nasarawa and Oyo

Columbite

Bauchi, Cross River, Kaduna, Plateau, Kwara and Nasarawa

Casseterite

Bauchi, Cross River, Kan, Kwara, Nasarawa and Plateau

Flourite

Ebonyi and Bauchi

Wolframite

Bauchi, Zamfara,, Nasarawa, Kaduna, Kano and Niger

Fledspar

Abuja, Kaduna, Kano, Kebbi, Kogi, Ogun, Zamfay

Kyanite

Kaduna, Niger

Bismuth

Kaduna

Manganese

Katsina, Kebbi, Zamfara

Quarts

Ogun

Kaolin

Anambra, Akwa Ibom, Bauchi, Imo, Katsina, Kabbi, Ogun, Ondo, and plateau.

Gemstones

Bauchi, Kwara, Niger, Nasarawa, Oyo, Plateau.

Glass Sand

Ogun

Phosphate

Ogun, Sokoto, Taraba.

Rutile

Plateau, Buchi, Cross River, Kaduna and Plateau.

Diatomite

Yobe.

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